There are several gardens around Prague Castle, with an overall surface area of approximately 32 hectares. Originally, the gardens served the purposes of growing utility plants and healing herbs, and they were rather small; large castle gardens of a decorative nature only started to be established later on. Among the first ones, there was the Royal Garden in place of the former vineyards, with the Southern Gardens and Bastion Garden (“Na Baště”) established afterwards. Among the important green areas around the castle, we can also name, for example, the Deer Moat, Lumbe Gardens, Riding Hall Terrace, and St. Wenceslas Vineyard. Except for the Lumbe Gardens, all other gardens are regularly open for public.