The originally Romanesque-style church, of which only the foundations were preserved, was founded by Duke of Bohemia Vratislav I at the beginning of the 10th century. Reconstructed after the establishment of the Prague Bishopric in 973, the church accommodated the first Bohemian monastery dedicated to the Order of Saint Benedict. Though the first efforts to establish the Prague Bishopric were already undertaken by Duke Bořivoj, it was only Duke Boleslav II who succeeded. He sent his sister Mlada to Rome to bring a foundation charter for the Prague Bishopric – and it was she who established the above-mentioned female monastery and became its first abbess. Abbesses from Saint George Monastery played significant roles; they were even allowed to crown Czech queens.
The basilica houses the tombs of Vratislav I and Boleslav II. Tombs for the monastery abbesses are located in a crypt under the staircase to the choir. Saint Ludmila Chapel in the Basilica is a burial site of Saint Ludmila, Saint Wenceslas’s grandmother. While her tomb is from the 14th century, most probably a work of Peter Parler’s workshop, the wall paintings date back to the 12th century.
The Baroque-style front face of the Basilica dates back to the 17th century, decorated with sculptures of Mlada and Vratislav I made by Jan Jiří Bendl. Saint George, the patron of the Monastery, is depicted on the relief.
In the 18th century the church was extended by Saint John of Nepomuk Chapel, the work of František Maxmilián Kaňka. Inside you will find Ferdinand Maxmilián Brokoff’s sculpture of Saint John of Nepomuk.
Currently, Saint George Basilica is used as a venue for exhibitions and classical music concerts.