St. George’s Convent

St. George’s Convent was the first female Benedictine monastery in Bohemia, and the original burying grounds of the Přemyslid Family.

It is situated in the Northern part of the castle complex at St. George’s Square (Jiřské náměstí). It was founded in 973 by Prince Boleslav II and his sister Mlada. The convent served as a spiritual centre, where girls from well-situated families acquired a superb education. St. Ludmila’s Cult was maintained in the convent, which brought numerous worshipers here throughout the centuries. During the 13th century, St. George’s scriptorium was established in the convent, the first scrivener of Bohemian origin was brought here and it was the start of the early translations of prayer texts into Czech. The convent was destroyed during the Hussite Wars, the inhabitants ran away and the property was sold. A hundred years later, the convent was renewed again with the support of the royal house. A Renaissance portal depicting St. George slaying the dragon has been preserved from this era. The convent was definitely abolished in the 18th century based on the Imperial Decree. A partial reconstruction started in the 19th century, and later on it became the seat of the Exposition of Medieval Art of the Prague National Gallery. The premises are currently used for exhibitions only marginally, because extensive reconstruction is needed.

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